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Volume:1, Issue:1- Review Article

A Brief Report on Pubonic Plague (The Black Death) and its Origin

Mohamed A Kenawy*, Yousrya M Abdel Hamid, and Hamdy A Al Ashry

Abstract

1.1 Objectives:
This article reviews and updates the epidemiological information, global distribution and prevention of bubonic Plague. Also discusses the origin and the possibility of disease occurrence /re-emergence in Egypt.

1.2 Material and methods:
The available published reports and several internet-based articles on Plague globally and in Egypt (geographical distribution, historical epidemics and present situation) were reviewed.

1.3 Results and conclusions:
Plague which is a zoonotic bacterial disease caused by Yersinia pestis and transmitted by fleas mainly Xenopsylla cheopis has been responsible for a number of high-mortality epidemics throughout human history. Evidence indicated that the plague may have begun in Egypt rather than Central Asia. Despite no available reports on present situation of plague disease in Egypt, however historically, the country had suffered from several epidemics. Moreover, Egypt is under risk of disease re-emergence and transmission due to the existence of potential foci in the neighboring countries mainly Libya.

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